E3 Statement to the IAEA Board of Governors on the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, November 2022
On behalf of France, Germany and the UK, I thank Director General Grossi for his latest report contained in GOV/2022/62, and Deputy Director General Aparo for his technical briefing. Once again, we commend the Agency for carrying out the mandate given to it by the United Nations Security Council – even taking into account Iran’s non-compliance with its commitments under the joint global action.
The E3 thank the Agency for its objective reports on Iran’s activities in relation to these commitments and encourage the Director General to keep the Board informed of Iran’s nuclear program in all its aspects. We would like the Agency’s latest quarterly report on monitoring and verification in Iran to be made public.
The Director General is signaling very clearly that Iran is moving further and further away from its commitments made in 2015.
- Today, Iran’s total stockpile of enriched uranium exceeds the JCPoA limits by 18 times and includes very disturbing amounts of uranium enriched up to 5, 20 and 60%.
- Since the Director General’s last report in September this year, Iran has increased its stockpile of uranium enriched up to 20% by 16% and its stockpile of uranium enriched up to 60% by 12%.
- There is no credible civilian justification for these activities which are inconsistent with Iran’s commitments under the JCPoA regarding both enrichment levels and quantities of material enriched.
This situation will only worsen in the near future if Iran does not decide to return to full compliance with its commitments under the JCPoA. Iran has also significantly increased its production of enriched uranium up to 5%, which will allow it to produce even more highly enriched uranium in the future. In his report, the director general notes that Iran has rapidly increased its enrichment capabilities by testing and installing additional IR-1 centrifuges as well as advanced centrifuges. For instance,
- At the Natanz underground site, Iran has significantly increased the number of centrifuges producing enriched uranium up to 5%.
- More than half of Iran’s advanced centrifuges at Natanz have been installed since the beginning of this year.
- The knowledge acquired by Iran through the exploitation of advanced centrifuges is irreversible.
Furthermore, the Director General has once again underlined in his report that Iran’s decision to cease cooperating with the Agency with regard to the monitoring and verification activities agreed in the JCPoA has seriously affected the knowledge that the Iranian Nuclear Program Agency has. Iran’s decision to withdraw the Agency’s surveillance and monitoring equipment has, as the Director General has said, adverse implications for the Agency’s ability to ensure the peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear programme.
These steps present a very clear picture: Iran is continuing its unprecedented nuclear escalation. This raises serious doubts about the nature of Iran’s nuclear program, which threatens regional and international security.
The E3, together with our partners, did everything possible to negotiate a return to a reasonably restrained Iranian nuclear program. After many months of negotiations, the JCPoA coordinator presented viable agreements in March and again in August of this year, which would have brought Iran back to full compliance with its JCPoA commitments and brought the United States back to the agreement. . Iran has refused these packages with continued demands beyond the scope of the JCPoA, despite further efforts over the summer.
The situation we find ourselves in is very dangerous. We urge Iran to immediately halt and reverse its nuclear escalation, allow full transparency with the IAEA by returning to full cooperation, and reapply the Additional Protocol, as an important confidence-building step. . We also recall that under its comprehensive safeguards agreement, Iran is legally bound to apply Section 3.1 as amended. and, under international law, Iran cannot change its application or withdraw from it unilaterally.
We will continue consultations, alongside our international partners, on how best to deal with Iran’s relentless and dangerous nuclear escalation. Thanks.